Indonesia was the fourth-largest producer of coffee in the world in 2014. Coffee cultivation in Indonesia began in the late 1600s and early 1700s, in the early Dutch colonial period, and has played an important part in the growth of the country. Indonesia is geographically and climatologically well-suited for coffee plantations, near the equator and with numerous interior mountainous regions on its main islands, creating well-suited microclimates for the growth and production of coffee.
Coffea robusta is grown at lower altitudes than Coffea arabica. The island of Sumatra is the largest producer, with the provinces of Lampung, South Sumatra and Bengkulu contributing for 50% of total national coffee production and up to 75% of Robusta production.
Most of Indonesia’s robusta is used in instant coffee and other manufactured products. Robusta is also an important part of traditional espresso blends, where it adds characteristic flavours and the all important crema on top of the coffee.